Fully vaccinated travellers entering Canada will no longer have to take a pre-arrival molecular test — such as a PCR — as of Feb. 28, Health Minister Jean-Yves Duclos announced Tuesday.

Travellers will still be required to take a pre-arrival test, but they can instead opt for an authorized clinic-administered rapid antigen test taken no more than one day before their scheduled flight or arrival at the land border. 

Antigen tests are typically cheaper than a molecular test and can provide results within minutes. 

Also starting Feb. 28, unvaccinated children under the age of 12 entering Canada with fully vaccinated parents will no longer have to avoid schools, daycare or other crowded settings for 14 days, said Duclos.

Currently, travellers entering Canada must show proof of a negative molecular test taken within 72 hours of their departing flight or planned arrival at the land border. 

Fully vaccinated travellers may also be randomly selected for a PCR test upon arrival. Duclos said its arrival testing program will remain in effect, but travellers won’t have to quarantine while awaiting results.

Travellers pass through Toronto Pearson International Airport on Dec. 16, 2021. Those travelling will soon be able to opt for a clinic-administered rapid antigen test taken no more than one day before their scheduled flight or arrival at the border. (Evan Mitsui/CBC)

Ottawa will reassess travel measures

Ottawa is currently randomly testing thousands of vaccinated travellers daily upon arrival. Those who return from trips outside the U.S. must quarantine while waiting for results. Some travellers have reported waiting up to six days, or longer if they were given an at-home test, which must be shipped to a lab.

The government also announced plans to lift its current advisory against non-essential travel abroad

Duclos said the government is making the changes because of improving pandemic conditions.

“We have passed the peak of the latest wave driven by the Omicron variant,” he said.

“In addition, after two years of following individual public health measures, such as getting vaccinated, wearing masks, keeping our distance and staying at home if sick, Canadians know what to do to keep themselves and each other safe.”

Duclos added that travel measures could change depending on the direction of the pandemic. 

“The border measures I have just outlined are transitory,” he said. “We will be reassessing them in the following weeks and months.”

If conditions continue to improve, he said, further testing measures could be dropped, such as the testing requirement for Canadians visiting the United States for short trips under 72 hours. 

Travel rules face criticism

Over the past several months, members of the travel industry and some physicians have lobbied the government to nix all testing requirements for fully vaccinated travellers. 

People must pay for their pre-arrival molecular test, which can cost hundreds of dollars. It can also be difficult to get test results within the specified 72 hours, as they typically must be processed in a lab. 

Meanwhile, the government is spending millions of dollars to randomly test thousands of vaccinated travellers daily upon arrival.

Last week, infectious disease doctor Zain Chagla took part in a news conference where he argued that both the pre- and post-arrival tests are an unnecessary expense, because Omicron has already spread across Canada.

On Tuesday, Chagla said in an interview that dropping the pre-arrival molecular test requirement is a step in the right direction. But he also questioned how useful the less sensitive antigen test will be in preventing the spread of COVID-19. 

“You’re likely not going to pick up a ton of cases this way,” said Chagla, a professor of medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton. “You’ll address a little bit of an extra level of protection for the plane ride, but it certainly won’t be a lot.”

Infectious disease physician Dr. Zain Chagla said Tuesday that testing travellers is now pointless because of Omicron’s ubiquitous spread. (Dr. Zaine Chagla)

However, Dr. Prabhat Jha, an epidemiologist at St. Michael’s hospital in Toronto, applauded the government’s move. He said antigen tests are ideal because they can be done closer to when a traveller begins their journey home.

“Having the testing as close to departure [as possible] is a reasonable strategy and rapid antigen tests actually work quite well for that.”

He said that acquiring an antigen will be more convenient and cheaper for travellers. Antigen tests tend to cost well under $100. 

Snowbird predicts rapid tests will become a hassle

Although the antigen test may be more convenient, Canadian snowbird David Fine said he’s not entirely satisfied with the change to the pre-arrival test requirement. 

Fine, who is spending the winter in an RV in Yuma, Ariz., predicts booking an antigen test will still be a hassle when he drives back to Hepworth, Ont., in early April, because thousands of returning snowbirds that month will be booking the same type of test. 

“I was personally disappointed,” he said of the government’s announcement. “It’s going to be hard to find a rapid test.”

Canadian snowbirds David and Dianne Fine will be returning to Canada from the U.S. in April. David Fine said the government should trust fully vaccinated Canadian travellers enough not to require testing upon their return. (Submitted by David Fine)

Fine argues that the government should instead entirely nix the pre-arrival test requirement for fully vaccinated travellers. 

“They should trust Canadians, especially the ones who have three vaccines,” he said. “We’re cautious people.”

The government also announced on Tuesday that, come Feb. 28, international flights will be allowed to land at any international Canadian airport. The government previously barred international flights from landing at some airports due to the pandemic.

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